Madurai city is administered by a municipal corporation established in 1971 as per the Municipal Corporation Act.The city covers an area of 147.97 km The city is referred by various names including "Madurai", "Koodal", "Malligai Maanagar", "Naanmadakoodal" and "Thirualavai".
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 6.27% and .31% of the population respectively.
The average literacy of the city was 81.95%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.
With the advent of British rule during the 19th century, Madurai became the headquarters of a large colonial political complex and an industrial town; with urbanisation, the social hierarchical classes became unified. The city of Madurai lies on the flat and fertile plain of the river Vaigai, which runs in the northwest-southeast direction through the city, dividing it into two almost equal halves.
Winter temperatures range between 29.6 °C and 18 °C.
It was in Madurai, in 1921, that Mahatma Gandhi, pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India, first adopted the loin cloth as his mode of dress after seeing agricultural labourers wearing it.
The Temple Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act passed by the government of Madras Presidency under C.
A study based on the data available with the Indian Meteorological Department on Madurai over a period of 62 years indicate rising trend in atmospheric temperature over Madurai city, attributed to urbanisation, growth of vehicles and industrial activity.
A total of 100,324 were under the age of six, constituting 51,485 males and 48,839 females.
Koodal means an assembly or congregation of scholarly people, referring to the three Tamil Sangams held at Madurai.