Jamaicans predominately have African ancestry, with significant European, Chinese, Indian, and mixed-race minorities.Due to a high rate of emigration for work since the 1960s, Jamaica has a large diaspora around the world, particularly in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
With 2.9 million people, Jamaica is the third-most populous Anglophone country in the Americas (after the United States and Canada), and the fourth-most populous country in the Caribbean.
Kingston is the country's capital and largest city, with a population of 937,700.
Many of the indigenous people died of disease, and the Spanish transplanted African slaves to Jamaica as labourers.
Named , the island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica.
An early group of Jews arrived in 1510, soon after the son of Christopher Columbus settled on the island.
Primarily working as merchants and traders, the Jewish community was forced to live a clandestine life, calling themselves "Portugals".
After slavery was abolished, workers recruited from India began arriving in 1845, Chinese workers in 1854, By the beginning of the 19th century, Jamaica's dependence on slave labour and a plantation economy had resulted in black people outnumbering white people by a ratio of almost 20 to 1.
Although the UK had outlawed the importation of slaves, some were still smuggled in from Spanish colonies and directly.
Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492 and then forcibly converted to Christianity in Portugal, during a period of persecution by the Inquisition.
Some Spanish and Portuguese Jewish refugees went to the Netherlands and England, and from there to Jamaica.
) is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.